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Amazing Peru – country of mountains and trekking

The Amazing Peru – country of mountains and trekking

The challenges facing climate change

It challenges you to discover the most spectacular routes of hiking, trekking, walks in Amazing Peru is a country of mountains and snow-capped mountains with terraces and sacred valleys, and the cradle of a civilization that lived in harmony with the extraordinary Andean geological formations, without for that reason ceasing to achieve an impressive level of development. This allows us to have a broad legacy of ancestral knowledge that we must take advantage of so that our progress does not represent a risk to their delicate ecosystems.

Climate change is a growing threat in the world, and its effects are felt with particular bitterness in the Andean mountains – Peru Travel, endangering the glaciers that provide us with water necessary for life, also causing droughts, landslides and landslides, that affect both the great diversity of biological and natural species that in them they exist like human life itself – Cusco – Peru.

Peru has a high degree of wild and cultivated genetic diversity and is one of the eight most important global centers of origin and diversity in agriculture and livestock as well as in plant and animal genetic resources.

THE MOUNTAINS: SOURCES OF WATER, ENERGY AND FOOD RESOURCES:

In mountainous countries, like the Andean ones, calling water a “vital resource” comes up short when describing its real importance. It is needed for consumption, production, and electrical energy generation, and it guarantees ecosystem integrity, regulates the environment, and is an essential facet of the Andean culture (R. Hofstede, 2010 Amazing Peru Travel). Glacial and rain water in the Andes form the streams that are born at the summits and become the primary source of water for domestic, industrial, and agricultural use in the rest of the country.  Water from the mountains is used for coastal farmland irrigation, the investment in which exceeds 4 billion dollars and makes it possible for farmers to produce agricultural exports like asparagus, chili peppers, key limes, and avocados, which later become the main source of foreign exchange, plus rice and sugar cane for domestic consumption – Okidoki Travel Peru Operator.

The Andean region has great potential for energy generation since there are more than 12,000 lakes and it is the birthplace of several streams that thunder down the steep slopes towards the coast or the rainforest (Salkantay trekking). The water in mountain dams is the main way in which electricity is generated, which is why the Andes are seen as a system of “water towers”. Take, for example, the Mantaro Dam in the central Andean region; it supplies 30% of the entire country’s electricity. Because of the presence of this mountain system, Peru is the third most important country, after Brazil and Colombia, in terms of hydro energy potential (54.4 GW), with its current requirement and demand at 4.5 GW. As well, the Andes have potential source for wind, solar, and geothermal energy – Peru Travel Agency Operator.

THE MOUNTAINS AMAZING PERU: SOURCE OF GENETIC RESOURCES

Peru, especially the Andean region, has a high degree of wild and cultivated genetic diversity and is one of the eight most important global centers of origin and diversity in agriculture and livestock as well as in plant and animal genetic resources amazing peru. The potato, tomato, chili pepper, and quinoa are some of the treasures the Andes have provided the world. We need to remember that they are, before anything else, a cultural creation resulting from an accumulation of thousands of years of experiences through which Andean men and women learned how to understand, use, transform, and take advantage of their environment (Mujica, 1993). As such, they tamed geography, plants and animals, time, and water, doing thus in a particular fashion based on coherent solutions to the challenges they faced from the setting in which they lived. The National Biological Diversity Strategy (2001 Amazing Peru) states its main objective as “the conservation of biological diversity, sustainable use of its components, and the just and equitable participation in the benefits derived from the use of genetic resources.” The 2009 – 2011 Amazing Peru – National Report of the State of the Environment claims that “the rural Peruvian population has made good use of its native biodiversity, respecting or intervening, in a relatively limited manner, in the majority of ecosystems. Their wisdom has aided in the creation of new cultivated plant species required for their sustainable development.” Peru Travel Agency Operator.

The Amazing Peru country boasts tropical mountains and one of the most extraordinary geographies on Earth.

the first human groups crossed into what is now Amazing Peru more than 10,000 years ago. These first settlers were descendants of Asian immigrants who had crossed the Bering Strait land bridge and spread across the entire North and South American continents. They moved in small groups in search of food, which they found through hunting and gathering. Since they were nomads, their cultural trappings were simple. Approximately 6,000 years ago, those ancient denizens supplemented their hunting/gathering with insipient forms of agriculture. It took several millennia more to fully develop their agriculture systems as the mainstay for their food production. This transition from the hunting – gathering and incipient farming to full blown agricultural production began about 4,000 years ago during the Mid Horizon or the Stabilization Period of Civilization, in which the Chavin culture flourished.

From that historical age onwards, food requirements were more reasonably satisfied through the cultivation of the land than they were in earlier time periods, which was reflected in rapid and sustained population growth as well as, to a certain degree, cultural development, a situation that brought about the rise of civilization to a level comparable to that of the ancient Old World cultures. From the time that ancient Peruvians adopted the practice of farming as their main source of sustenance, the larger population was frequently confronted with an insufficient production of food. A limited amount of arable land was the main reason for this problem, which was exacerbated on account of recurrent weather-related disasters, such as severe drought that brought with it famine. The efforts to overcome this obstacle seem to explain the gestation process of Andean culture, its characteristics, and its subsequent development – Agency operator.

The territory encompassed by ancient Peru was always less than favorable for agricultural production. On the western side of the Andes, the long yet confined and arid coastal fringe barely left room for fifty two narrow fertile valleys that are isolated and quite distant one from the other, with very limited rainfall and unpredictable river flows. The Andes offer miniscule valleys or vertical terrain which is just as isolated between the complex succession of rugged mountain peaks and inhospitable plateaus. The mountain farmers who settled the northern Amazonian Andes, at elevations between 2,000 meters and 3,000 meters, developed an Andean culture sui generis, given that they had to clear away the dense tropical vegetation that dominated that area. The same process took place during the Incan Empire when the Incas migrated into the Vilcabamba region, home of Machu Picchu and other grand examples of monumental architecture, like Choquequirao trek, inca trail classic, salkantay trek, humantay lake trek, rainbow mountain trekking, ausangate trek, huchuy qosqo trek, lares valley trekking, etc, agency operator.

Hence, this explains the reason why the Incan culture, at the height of its splendor, required a much larger per capita territory than that of the ancient Euro-Asian cultures. This vast area was, paradoxically, unable to produce the necessary food on account of its limited fertility, and it suffered recurrent natural weather disasters, such as those caused by the El Niño phenomenon. Those reasons precisely explain why Andean inhabitants partially occupied the Amazonian Andes, moving eastwards to expand their agricultural frontier. The stark contrast between the size of the Incan Empire and its limited agricultural potential caught the attention of the Spanish historians during the first years of the Conquest. The Spanish missionary, Miguel Cabello Valboa, in his work Miscelánea antártica (1586) noted that this was a grave problem that caused severe overpopulation in the few habitable, “favorable and healthy” areas; he wrote further that “the untold number of people has, throughout the long years in this New World, propagated so much so that … there was no lack of men for the land, but a lack of land for the men.”

The tireLess Mountains in Amazing Peru Operator:

The most important trait of any mountain is its verticality, which is the reason why we can find different altitudinal tiers. These levels are one part of the recipe for diversity, understood as the richness of life and its variants: plants, animals, and microorganisms, along with the genes they contain and their complex association in ecosystems that give shape to the natural landscapes. Peru’s mountains are classified as tropical due to their latitudinal distribution (from 0°- 18° south latitude) and, as mentioned above, they are the sovereigns of the landscape and of cultures, expressions of which are the number of languages (52) and the massive variety of foods found in the country. Nevertheless, the intertwining of so many colors and flavors and so much wisdom has turned Peru into a fragile crystal vessel that must be treated delicately: complex realities require complex solutions.

All the world’s natural settings in the Rugged Immensity of the Mountains in Peru:

According to Jose Maria Arguedas, nearly all the world’s natural settings can be found in the Andes Peru. That is one of the most important characteristics of tropical Andean ecosystems and, if we take into consideration their continuity to include the eastern and western slopes as well as their inter-Andean valleys, then 84 of the world’s 102 known life zones are found in Peru. For the past ninety years, scientists have tried to classify the incredible diversity of ecosystems the country possesses, using different units: plant formations, life zones, natural regions, ecoregions, types of vegetation coverage, and fragile ecosystems, and attempting to find an order to the near entirety of the natural settings found in the country

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    IMPORTANT FACTS

     

    An apacheta (cairn) at the Salkantay Pass along the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu. Trekkers leave these stone offerings as an act of beseeching the mountains for safe passage.

    Pre-Hispanic cultures viewed the Andes as apus or gods, great rulers that form an amazing hierarchy: weather, soil, water, plants, animals, crops, livestock, culture, and history. Backbone, integrating factor, and expression of the character of our time: diversity. Cesar Vallejo, Peruvian poet, described the Andes in the following manner: “Andes of potato fields, quaternary maize, dilated peppertree, vicuñas, national descendants, guinea pigs, burning tomato peppers, christian logs, lichens, species in basalt formations, ground theoretical and practical, intelligent furrows, delicate archaeological dawns, climates met inside, waters with their deaf antiquity, intellectual field of cordillera in ascent in flagrante”.

     

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    Peru’s mountains are classified as tropical due to their latitudinal distribution and they are the sovereigns of the landscape and of cultures.

     

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