Country of Mountains of Peru Travel Oki Doki
Peru Destination is a country of mountains, and the cradle of a civilization that lived in harmony with the extraordinary Andean geological formations, whilst achieving an impressive level of cultural, historical and traditional development. We have been left a remarkable legacy of ancestral knowledge, which we can use so that our progress does pose a risk to our delicate mountain ecosystems. The Climate in Peru travel change is a growing threat, and its effects especially severe in the high mountains of the Andes, Cordilleras, Nevados y Montañas como el Salkantay Trek (salcantay), Ausangate, Rainbow mountain, Valley of Lares, putting at risk the glaciers which provide us water for life, and causing draughts, and land and mudslides, which affect the great natural biological diversity of species found in these mountains, as well as human life – oki doki travel peru operator.
During the last 10,000 years, since the Earth began emerging from the last Ice Age, Andean glaciers have shrunk by more than 90%. The majority of that shrinkage, however, has taken place during the last 200 years, since the onset of the Industrial Age – travel agency operator. And the acceleration is continuing: Andean glaciers have retreated 30-50% in only the last thirty years. Since glaciers are an important source of water for farmers, cities, and towns throughout the Andes, especially during the dry season, it’s a fair question to ask why South America is losing its glaciers in the first place – agency operator. To answer that, we need to go back two hundred million years, when South America was joined to Africa and both continents were part of a single landmass called Pangea, surrounded by an immense ocean. After Pangea’s breakup, South America split off and eventually became an island, drifting slowly westward on its tectonic plate. For some eighty million years South America remained cut off from the rest of the world, with evolution producing a plethora of unique animals and plants—at first dinosaurs and later an explosion of marsupials. Eventually, the island of South America began colliding with the Nazca Plate, which moved eastwards, hitting South America head on. About 40 million years ago, that collision began to produce a range of mountains that would later be called the Andes (nevado salkantay). About three million years ago, the oceans sank as the Ice Age began and an isthmus joining North and South America became exposed, allowing new fauna to enter the continent. Eventually, about 20,000 to 30,000 years ago, the first people crossed the land bridge and walked into South America – Peru Travel.
The world those first inhabitants beheld was one quite different from that of today —it was a world populated by cave bears, saber tooth cats, and sloths that weighed up to 10,000 pounds and were as large as automobiles. At this time the Andes were still in the grip of the Ice Age with thick, enormous glaciers and abundant snow (salcantay trekking). Bringing their languages and tool kits with them, the first inhabitants began to explore ever southwards, eventually heading up into the Andes where they survived by hunting and gathering, using furs and fire to protect themselves from the intense cold (agency operator). Around 15,000 years ago, as the Ice Age began to retreat, people were forced to either adapt to changing conditions or perish. By then, many of the large mammals had disappeared, presumably due to both intensive hunting and to the changing environment (travel operator). Around 8,000-10,000 years ago, the first signs of agriculture began to appear. People also began to selectively breed wild guanacos and vicuñas, creating two new species in the process: the llamas and the alpacas. Gradually, hunter gatherers became farmers and farming began to slowly spread through the Andes (salkantay trekking). With increased production of potatoes, quinoa, corn, squash, peanuts, and chilies, populations soon began to increase and social classes began to emerge. It was during this period that the first temples and ceremonial platforms began to rise, constructed by societies now composed of priests, nobles, artisans, metallurgists, warriors, and peasants working the fields (agency operator).
Peru has a high degree of wild and cultivated genetic diversity and is one of the eight most important global centers of origin and diversity in agriculture and livestock as well as in plant and animal genetic resources (Salkantay trekking Oki Doki Travel Peru).
Trekking: 71% of the world’s tropical glaciers are located in Peru. These are important reserves of water that are being threatened by climate change. Mount Alpamayo, Huascaran National Park (agency operator).
Trekking: Looking much like the beard of a wise man, Spanish moss hangs from a ceibo tree (Ceiba sp.) in the Cerros de Amotape National Park, in Tumbes. The dry equatorial forest is a delicate ecosystem whose species have successfully adapted to drought-like conditions that pre-dominate most of the year (agency operator).
Trekking: A pair of mountain climbers slowly climbs to the top of Mount Taulliraju (5830 m). The Blanca Cordillera is a chief destination for mountain climbing enthusiasts and extreme sports lovers (salkantay trekking, ausangate trekking, choquequirao trekking, inka jungle biking, huchuy qosqo trekking – agency operator oki doki Peru.
The country boasts tropical mountains and one of the most extraordinary geographies on Earth
The masses of snow, high mountain lakes, and precipitation are the sources of water that produce the streams flowing down the flanks of the Andes towards the Pacific and the Atlantic and into Lake Titicaca. This water is what gives life to plants, animals, and humans living in the river basins. This discussion entails more than simply an understanding of Andean river basins, but also includes the occurrence of wind, daily variations in temperature, intense sunlight, soil formation, diversity of the vegetation coverage, and earthquakes and tremors; all of which should lead us to admit that our ecosystems are very complex and fragile – Salkantay. This geographic hardware, defined by diversity and uncertainty, determines the way in which the land is occupied, production is organized, and resources are used, as well as the location and design of cities – Peru operator. It was indeed in this land that Andean denizens began farming – 8000 B.C. – and built the first temples and settlements in the Americas, contemporaries of the Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations. The population peaked at roughly 12 million around the year 1500 A.D., the most densely populated area in South America – Peru Cusco Operator Salkantay, boasting a complex social organization, remarkable works of hydraulic engineering, and sophisticated systems of terraces.
ouR LARge house: the RIVeR bAsIn – Peru Operator:
A river basin is the area defined by the course of a river. Each river drains the precipitation it has captured from a determined space, which is the watershed, and the water parting – divortium aquarum – marks the highest point of the mountains that separates the streams between two adjoining watersheds and therefore is the natural boundaries between basins (Peru Operator). The lower parts of the basin are the primary recipient of the rains. As we mentioned above, most precipitation falls at elevations above 3500 meters and, as a result, the hydrological dynamic is a top-down process. Rainwater is captured in glaciers, lakes, and upper Andean wetlands and then flows down the slopes, pulled by the force of gravity, as surface runoff or underground flow, forming creeks in the gorges or micro-basins (salkantay trekking). Farther down the mountainside, these streams empty into a primary water course that either runs to the sea or joins the mighty Amazon as a tributary – Peru. Rain, glaciers, lakes, wetlands, soils, slopes, pastures, bushes, forests, prairies, crops, animals, and humans are all part of the Andean water cycle. The amount of vegetation, great or small, on the slopes alters the moisture level of the soil as well as the degree of erosion, wind speed, temperature variations, sunlight, evaporation, and plant evapotranspiration. All those elements are connected, so any encroachment on the vegetation coverage of the mountains or any modification to the physical geography of the terrain will end up changing the amount, quality, and continuity of the water throughout the year and for the future – Peru operator salkantay. The top-down hydrologic dynamic is important not solely for producing food, but also for generating electricity and for supplying cities, mining camps, and industries (which harness the region’s raw materials and transform them into goods) with fresh water or potable water – Peru operator. The ongoing well-being and development of the people living in this territory depend upon integrated management and care of all the resources found in the river basin (Peru Salkantay).
An apacheta (cairn) at the Salkantay Pass along the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu. Trekkers leave these stone offerings as an act of beseeching the mountains for safe passage. Every day the salkantay treks of 5 days and / or 4 days make excursions during the year in Peru departing from Cusco with the Okidoki operator agency.
Salkantay snow is truly exceptional, located less than fifty miles northwest of the city of Cuzco in south central Peru. Salkantay is the highest mountain in the Cordillera Vilcabamba. Due to its proximity to the city, Salkantay is easily accessible and is frequently climbed. Join us on this incredible excursion to Machu Picchu. Reserve early. The Salkantay Trek is a famous trek in Cusco and is a great alternative to the Inka Trail to Machu Picchu. By doing this trek you will see some of the most beautiful places in Cuzco and you will see the mountain covered in snow. The altitude of the Salkantay mountain is 6,271 m (20,574 ft). You will have the opportunity to see beautiful landscapes with a wide variety of flora and fauna, and camp overnight in the middle of the sacred mountain of Salkantay. Connecting the town of Mollepata, Cusco with Machu Picchu, the Salkantay Trek is an ancient and remote trail located in the same region as the Inca Trail, where huge snow-capped mountains collide with lush tropical jungles and valleys of flora and fauna.
Pre-Hispanic cultures viewed the Andes as apus or gods, great rulers that form an amazing hierarchy: weather, soil, water, plants, animals, crops, livestock, culture, and history. Backbone, integrating factor, and expression of the character of our time: diversity in peru operator. Cesar Vallejo, Peruvian poet, described the Andes in the following manner: “Andes of potato fields, quaternary maize, dilated peppertree, vicuñas, national descendants, guinea pigs, burning tomato peppers, christian logs, lichens, species in basalt formations, ground theoretical and practical, intelligent furrows, delicate archaeological dawns, climates met inside, waters with their deaf antiquity, intellectual field of cordillera in ascent in flagrante (salkantay trek)”.
THE TIRELESS MOUNTAINS SALKANTAY AND OTHERS IN PERU:
The most important trait of any mountain is its verticality, which is the reason why we can find different altitudinal tiers. These levels are one part of the recipe for diversity, understood as the richness of life and its variants: plants, animals, and microorganisms, along with the genes they contain and their complex association in cosystems that give shape to the natural landscapes Salkantay, Ausangate , Rainbow Mountain, Huchuy Qosqo, Choquequirao, Machu Picchu.
Peru’s mountains are classified as tropical due to their latitudinal distribution (from 0°- 18° south latitude) and, as mentioned above, they are the sovereigns of the landscape and of cultures, expressions of which are the number of languages (52) and the massive variety of foods found in the country. Nevertheless, the intertwining of so many colors and flavors and so much wisdom has turned Peru into a fragile crystal vessel that must be treated delicately: complex realities require complex solutions.
ALL the world’s nAtuRAL settings In the Rugged IMMensity of the MountAIns in Peru:
According to Jose Maria Arguedas, nearly all the world’s natural settings can be found in the Andes5. That is one of the most important characteristics of tropical Andean ecosystems and, if we take into consideration their continuity to include the eastern and western slopes as well as their inter-Andean valleys, then 84 of the world’s 102 known life zones are found in Peru . For the past ninety years, scientists have tried to classify the incredible diversity of ecosystems the country possesses, using different units: plant formations, life zones, natural regions, ecoregions, types of vegetation coverage, and fragile ecosystems, and attempting to find an order. to the near entirety of the natural settings found in the country.
DIVERSITY OF LIVES IN PRose in Peru Operator:
Peru is one of the ten most biodiverse countries in the world on account of the immense variety of climates, soil, and reliefs. In addition, it is one of the 17 countries protecting 70% of the total biodiversity on the planet and a member of the UN Group of Like-minded Megadiverse Countries (South America, Peru, Cusco, Salkantay, Rainbow Mountain, Ausangate). Its incredible potential in terms of ecosystem services is held out as the hope for dealing with the uncertainty of climate change that we will be facing in the coming decades. We are a record breaking country (Brack, 2004). 8 20,585 plant species were recorded in 2013, 4000 of these just in orchids. Peruvian wildlife has also set world records. In the last three years, at least 380 new species have been discovered. Fish constitute the greatest number of vertebrate species, with a recorded 2134 varieties. There are 1847 species of birds, 624 of amphibians, and 446 of reptiles. Peru also has the largest number of butterfly species in the world at 3000.